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Chapter 1
The How and Why of
Progressed Aspects
1
Progressed
Aspects of
Standard
Astrology
Determined to give astrology the usefulness, the prestige and
the legal recognition now enjoyed by law, religion and medi-
cine, in 1938 various astrological organizations entered into
co-operation to formulate and get accepted by the astrologers
of America certain standards of practice and certain standards
of education, which should set apart from the unethical or in-
competent so- called astrologers, those who were competent
and worthy members of the astrological profession. This re-
sulted in the formulation and acceptance of a Code of Ethics
and a Minimum Requirements of Astrological Education.
The Code of Ethics adopted was that of the American Fed-
eration of Scientific Astrologers, the first paragraph of which,
reads:
"I recognize that a precise astrological opinion cannot
honestly be rendered with reference to the life of an individual
unless it is based upon a horoscope cast for the year, month,
day and time of day plus correct geographical location of the
place of birth of that individual, and I agree not to render such
an opinion without this detailed information, unless the horo-
scope of the individual has been rectified by accepted astro-
logical methods, or unless I positively state to the interested
party that such conclusions are reached by alternative astro-
logical methods."
The Minimum Requirements of Astrological Education
adopted reads as follows:
"We, the following astrological organizations, hold that
to be competent, an astrologer should be familiar with the stan-
dard method of chart erection, with the standard significance
of planets, signs, houses and aspects, with the standard method
of chart delineation, with the standard method of calculating
progressed aspects and determining what may be expected
from each, and when it may be expected, as taught by any of
the following: Brotherhood of Light astrological textbooks,
Llewellyn George astrological textbooks, Rosicrucian Fellow-
ship astrological textbooks, Alan Leo astrological textbooks,
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2
The How and Why of Progressed Aspects
or any other astrological textbooks which set forth the standard method
of chart erection, chart delineation, and the standard method of calcu-
lating and interpreting progressed aspects.
"There is no intention of disparaging astrological books not here
specifically mentioned, and no intention of disparaging other systems.
The intention is to express the conviction that in addition to other meth-
ods with which he becomes familiar, the competent astrologer also
should be familiar with the standard methods. Undoubtedly, he should
know vastly more than this minimum requires.
"Nor is there here any attempt to indicate to the astrologer what
system, or methods, he should use in his practice. He should use, in-
cluding new discoveries, whatever he finds gives best results."
A copy of this paper, Minimum Requirements of Astrological Edu-
cation, was sent to each astrological organization in America. At that
time there were slightly more than 50 such organizations, and all but
two of them signed endorsement of it. They also endorsed the Code of
Ethics of the American Federation of Scientific Astrologers. As those
thus endorsing these papers embraced more than 98% of all the profes-
sional astrologers and astrological students (not just the casual readers
of astrological magazines) in the United States, these two papers have
become the recognized standards, and those who in their practice fol-
low the Code and employ the system of astrology specified in Mini-
mum Requirements of Astrological Education, have come to be desig-
nated as STANDARD ASTROLOGERS.
In reference to STANDARD ASTROLOGY thus defined, it should
be noted that both the Minimum Requirements of Astrological Educa-
tion and the Code of Ethics were unanimously endorsed at the Second
West Coast U. S. Convention of Scientific Astrologers held in Holly-
wood July 9-12, 1940. And after resolutions explaining it was beyond
the province of the Federation to pass upon the relative superiority of
any particular system of astrology, The American Federation of Scien-
tific Astrologers, at its annual convention in Chicago, September 5-9,
1940, passed the following resolution:
"BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the American Federation of
Scientific Astrologers actively support and lend its aid in securing the
enactment of legislation requiring that those who arc granted a license
to practice astrology must pass a written examination which include
the subjects set forth in the widely published document, Minimum Re-
quirements of Astrological Education, and that it will not lend its sup-
port or aid to the enactment of legislation without advocating such writ-
ten examination."
Thus was Minimum Requirements of Astrological Education, in-
cluding the standard method of calculating progressed aspects and de-
termining what may be expected from each, and when it may be ex-
pected, endorsed by astrological conventions both cast and west. And it
is not the purpose of this book to introduce any new system, or new
aspects, but to make the calculation and judging of the aspects timed
according to standard practice easier and a bit more precise.
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Progressed Aspects of Standard Astrology
3
This is done, in so far as calculating the time the progressed aspects
are perfect, simply by using logarithms instead of proportion. In erect-
ing a birth-chart the positions of the planets in the signs can be calcu-
lated by proportion. But a long time ago someone discovered that the
movement of the swifter planets during a given interval could be calcu-
lated more readily by the use of diurnal proportional logarithms. Con-
sequently, for this purpose, it is customary to find a table of such loga-
rithms in the back of an ephemeris.
Now if you will reduce the hours and minutes of the time interval
to minutes, and the ° and `of a planet's daily motion to and then use the
number of minutes in a day, 1440, as the other term of the proportion--
(a) `of planet's daily motion : (b) ?' :: (c) 1440m : (d) m of time interval--
and work the proportion, you will get exactly the same number of ° and
`of travel (b) for the planet during that interval as if you had added the
logarithm of (d) the hours and minutes. of time interval, to (a) the loga-
rithm of the daily travel of the planet, That is, if you go to the trouble of
working the proportion precisely you get exactly the same result you
do when you use logarithms. But by using logarithms you get precise
results with much less labor than to get similarly precise results through
using proportion.
Hitherto it has been the custom to work all the progressed aspects
of StandardAstrology through the use of proportion. That is the method
I use in Predicting Events, the Brotherhood of Light textbook on pro-
gressed aspects, written in 1920. But I now find that all these progressed
aspects can be worked precisely through the use of logarithms, and with
as much greater ease as is experienced in finding the precise positions
of the planets in the zodiacal signs of a birth-chart through using loga-
rithms for the faster moving ones instead of proportion.
However, it should be emphasized that the precise time a progressed
aspect is perfect is exactly the same whether the method of proportion
is employed, such as set forth in Predicting Events and other textbooks
on Standard Astrology, or the method of logarithms hereafter to be ex-
plained. The use of logarithms does not give different results, it merely
makes the work easier to do with precision.
But before explaining just how logarithms can thus be used to fa-
cilitate the calculation of all progressed aspects, I believe I should say a
few words about my own experience with Standard Astrology. The sys-
tem here presented, worked by proportion instead of logarithms, and
called the Hermetic System, according to tradition was derived from a
still more ancient source, and reached us by way of Chaldea.
My predecessor, from whom I received the tradition, used the sys-
tem for twenty years before his passage to the higher plane. In 1902,
after trying out all the methods in common usage, I adopted it, and,
found it most satisfactory in an extensive astrological practice which
continued up to May, 1915. At that time, having discontinued private
astrological practice, I commenced teaching it in the astrological classes
held in Los Angeles; and in October, 1917, as the Hermetic System of
Directions, it was published, and since that date has been in constant
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The How and Why of Progressed Aspects
use in B. of L. (now Church of Light) classes in many cities, and has
been tested and adopted by a vast number of astrologers throughout
the world.
Since May, 1915, I have been teaching the progressed aspects of the
system weekly in classes in Los Angeles. These classes are open to the
public and astrologers and astrological students from various cities who
visit Los Angeles are accustomed to drop in on them. Throughout this
entire period of time it has been my custom in each class to have the
birth-chart of some person on the blackboard. No one but myself knows
the identity of the owner of the chart. I have been given, or obtained,
the dates of various events in this individual's life. I give the students in
the class a date on which some important event occurred to this indi-
vidual. We calculate the progressed aspects for that date, but I do not
tell the students what took place, or anything about it. Anyone present
is always at liberty to use any system with which he is familiar to try to
ascertain what the event was.
After the calculations have been made, the students endeavor to
tell what happened to the individual on this date, and later on other
dates which I give. Strangers, or anyone present, are at liberty to state
what took place. After more than a quarter of a century in which I have
had opportunity to observe the degree of accuracy which those who
follow the various systems are able to obtain under such test condi-
tions, I believe I am in a position to pass judgment on the comparative
merits of the various systems of astrological predicting, and also on what
commonly can be done and what commonly cannot be done with the
progressed aspects of Standard Astrology.
So far we have never found anyone using other than the Standard
System of progressed aspects who could get anywhere near so good
results in determining what had actually happened to a given individual
on a given date. And we also have found, through these classes and
through extensive Case History Studies of the actual events which oc-
curred under the same progressed aspect in the lives of people having
almost identical birth-charts the common limit of the precision in pre-
dicting that can be obtained through using the progressed aspects of
Standard Astrology.
In April, 1924, The Brotherhood of Light Astrological Research
Department was organized for the purpose of providing, through the
actual analysis of large series of timed birth-charts and progressed as-
pects, a practical method by which students can determine if the owner
of a given birth-chart has natural aptitude for a given vocation, is pre-
disposed toward a given disease, and can quickly determine when en-
ergy releases will be such that the given disease will have facilities for
developing, or when energy releases will give facilities for some other
specific event.
As the two weekly classes I had been teaching since May, 1915,
related to predicting-- one class on Mundane Astrology and the other
class on Progressed Aspects in Natal Astrology-- it was decided that I
should continue to specialize in the study of the factors which make
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Progressed Aspects of Standard Astrology
5
prediction possible, and that Lenora Conwell should specialize in chart
delineation, and Vocational Astrology in particular. We early found that
the resources at our command for collecting data made it necessary to
limit the study of each particular vocation, disease or event to 100 timed
birth-charts.
The work begun in 1924 has continued without interruption ever
since. As a result of extensive experiments we finally developed the
method of analysis and presentation we have followed since June 1929,
when the first B. of L. Astrological Report was published. Since that
date we have been able to publish one new report each three months,
based on the analysis of 100 timed birth-charts. Lenora Conwell has
erected all the 5,800 birth-charts so far used in these reports, which cover
30 vocations, 20 different events, 7 different diseases, and Length of Life.
The report on Length of Life did not require progressed aspects to be
calculated. But in each of the 2,700 charts relating to the time when a
given event took place or a given disease developed, Lenora Conwell
calculated and placed around the outside of the erected birth-chart, the
progressed places of the planets, M.C. and Ascendant for the date of the
illness or other event.
Even though I also tabulated the planetary prominence and house
activity in many of the series embraced in the 3,000 timed vocational
charts, all of the tabulating of the factors of these vocational charts was
done by Lenora Conwell. And these statistical tables compiled by Lenora
Conwell in reference to each of 30 different vocations are included in
and form the basis of the material presented in the book, How To Select A
Vocation
Yet even though Lenora Conwell also tabulated the progressed as-
pects in many of the series embraced in the 2,700 timed birth- charts
progressed to the date of some particular event, all of the tabulating of
the progressed aspects in these charts was done by me. The resulting
statistical tables derived from the progressed aspects present in 2,000
birth-charts at the time some specific event other than illness occurred,
together with the conclusions to be drawn from them, are included in
and form the basis of the material presented in the book, When And
What Events Will Happen
The statistical tables derived from the 150 birth-charts of people
who lived more than 70 years, and the progressed aspects present in
700 birth-charts at the time one of the seven diseases developed, to-
gether with the conclusions to be drawn from them,- when still more
diseases are thus covered, will be included in and form the basis of the
first of a series of books on Body Disease And Its Stellar Treatment.
From more than a quarter of a century teaching progressed aspects
weekly in class work, and the analysis of 2,700 charts progressed to the
date of a given event, we learned much about what could actually be
accomplished with progressed aspects. But we also wished to deter-
mine the limitations within which predictions could safely be made from
progressed aspects. We therefore put forth a strenuous effort to get the
charts of identical twins, natural twins, and astrological twins, and an
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6
The How and Why of Progressed Aspects
account of the actual events which took place in the lives of people who
had almost identical birth-charts under the influence of the same pro-
gressed aspect. These extensive Case History Studies most of which await
publication, but a few of which were pub: fished in the ten issues of The
Rising Star commencing with the April 7, 1940, issue, show conclusively
that a birth-chart does not map SPECIFIC EVENTS. But it does map
PREDISPOSITIONS toward the types of conditions and events which
will affect each of the 12 departments of the individual's life.
Neither do progressed aspects, as will be explained more in detail
later, map SPECIFIC EVENTS. But they do map ENERGY RELEASES
of definite types during limited periods of time which can be predeter-
mined. These energies, during such periods of release, expend them-
selves in the work of bringing into the life conditions and events of their
particular type, harmony or discord, and relating to one or more of the
departments of life with which they are associated as revealed by the
houses ruled by the planets mapping the energies released.
With sufficient knowledge of Conditioning (how events which have
happened since birth have affected him) and the present Physical Envi-
ronment (as offering facilities for one specific event and resisting other
specific events) it often is possible to predict specific events, not because
specific events are inevitable, but because in the given physical envi-
ronment the probabilities may be much more than 100 to 1 that the char-
acter as modified since birth, when it receives the type of energies re-
leased during a given period by definite progressed aspects, will attract
these SPECIFIC EVENTS rather than others.
Major Progressed Aspects Are Not New
Many years ago the aspects formed by semi-arc were known as pri-
mary directions, and those made according to the day for a year system
were called secondary directions. But some authors began to call vari-
ous other systems by which aspects were formed primary directions.
And other authors commenced calling the progressed aspects of the
Sun according to the day for a year system primary progressions, and
the progressed aspects of the Moon and planets by the day for a year
system, secondary progressions. Thus when one student spoke of pri-
mary directions some other student thought he was referring to what
he called secondary directions. Therefore, to avoid this confusion in ter-
minology, when in 1917 I wrote The Hermetic System of Progressions, I
used the term-- and still use it-- Major Progressions, to indicate the
aspects formed according to the day for a year system.
And although in this book I use logarithms instead of proportion
in calculating these Major Progressed aspects, they are identical with,
and the time of their release so found is exactly the same as, the pro-
gressed aspects taught in Brotherhood of Light astrological text-books,
Llewellyn George astrological textbooks, Alan Leo astrological text-
books, or any other astrological textbooks which set forth the standard
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Progressed Aspects of Standard Astrology
7
method of calculating and interpreting progressed aspects.
It was quite natural that progressed aspects should be calculated
by proportion because the foundation on which they rested was en-
tirely empirical. That is, it was found by experience that the major events
which came into people's lives coincided with aspects which were pro-
portional in calendar time to the movements of the planets in space
which formed the aspect, in the ratio of one year calendar time being
equivalent to one day's planetary movement in space. Experience
proved, and still proves, that progressed aspects thus calculated on a
basis of one day's movement of the planets being proportionally spread
over the corresponding year of life timed the major events in a person's
life.
But in the meantime a revolution has taken place in physics which
enables us to grasp the why and the how such progressed aspects affect
people's lives. And there is no more reason we should be content with
the knowledge and methods of the past relating to progressed aspects
than there is for modern physicists to remain content with Newtonian
physics.
Progressed Aspects are Consistent with Relativity
For over ten years now many universities have been experimenting with
extra-sensory perception. Dr. J. B. Rhine, professor of psychology, Duke
University, started this work in 1930, and it quickly spread to a great
many other universities. Experiments on a vast scale have demonstrated
conclusively that man possesses faculties other than those physical
through which he can perceive things without being limited by space as
we know it, and not being limited by time as we know it. They have
conclusively demonstrated that extra-sensory perception perceives
thoughts, gains information clairvoyantly at great distances, and is pre-
cognitive and retrocognitive, which means that it sees events or condi-
tions both in the past and in the future.
Thus to account for these things demonstrated in its laboratories,
science is compelled to recognize the existence of an extra- physical realm
where both time and space are of different order than those with which
we are familiar on the physical plane.
The soul of man, which material science calls the unconscious mind,
exists at all times on this inner plane. Extra-sensory perception and the
effects produced by progressed aspects are due to the inner-plane ac-
tivities of the soul. Man is a two-plane living organism, and all his func-
tions and all the events which come into his life are the product of the
interaction of both inner-plane and outer-plane factors.
As his physical body is composed of physical cells and physical
structures, so is his astral body composed of thought-cells and thought
structures. The substances of his physical body have velocities which
are low enough to give them material properties. The substances of his
inner-plane body, whose organization is called the soul, or unconscious
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The How and Why of Progressed Aspects
mind, have velocities greater than light. Such high velocities give them
properties quite different from those encountered in physical things.
Inner-plane energies do not contact or influence physical things, nor do
physical things contact or influence inner-plane things, except through
those boundary-line electromagnetic energies having velocities approxi-
mately that of light.
To understand why things-- including the action of planetary en-
ergies, precognition and other ESP perceptions-- on the inner plane be-
have in so different a manner than do things on the outer plane, we
have to recognize that Newtonian physics has now been displaced by
Relativity physics, even as fatalistic astrology has been displaced by
our modern conception of the manner in which results which follow
the release of certain planetary energies are dependent upon both the
character of the individual receiving them and the facilities of the physi-
cal environment for certain specific events and its resistance to others.
Einstein's General Theory, which he broadened into his Unified Field
Theory, in which there is a single mathematical equation of eight charac-
ters for light, gravitation and electromagnetism has not worked out due
to the Principle of Indeterminacy where the Quantum of Action of par-
ticles is involved. This, in turn, is due to the energies of these particles
being too close to the border-line where they partake of astral properties.
But Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity has now become almost uni-
versally accepted by physicists the world over and has become the foun-
dation of the physics as taught at present in our universities.
Let me quote from an article by H. P. Robertson, Ph.D., Professor of
Mathematical Physics, Princeton University, which appeared in the June,
1939, issue of Scientific American Magazine:
"In view of these developments one may say that at present the
special theory of relativity is one of the most thoroughly accepted and
most firmly established doctrines of modern physics. It has permeated
the fields of mechanics, electromagnetism (including optics) and atomic
physics; while it may appear desirable to have further direct checks on
the validity of its mechanical aspects, a deviation from the predicted
effects would constitute a most puzzling-- and, at least temporarily dis-
tressing-- jolt for modern physics."
The most essential conception of this special theory of relativity,
which is now so widely employed to explain the behavior of high-ve-
locity particles, is the inter-relationship between velocity and time. It is
held that there is no such thing as absolute time, but that as velocity
increases, time slows down, until, at the velocity of light time comes to
a standstill. Conversely, as time speeds up, velocity slows down, until
at the time speed with which we are familiar, objects tend to move at
the velocity physical things are observed to do.
Nor is this just a theory, as the experiments of Dr. Herbert E. Ives
demonstrate. He reported that observing the Doppler shift in an on-
coming hydrogen beam, and at the same time the shift due to recession
of the same beam, shows that, as relativity predicts, a moving clock
keeps slower time than one standing still.
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Progressed Aspects of Standard Astrology
9
If at the velocity of light time stands still, within a single moment of
such slow time an infinite number of events could happen. And in a
realm, or condition, where velocities are not so great as light, but are
greater than that of ordinary physical objects, a large number of events
can happen in a single moment of this slower time. In our dreams, for
instance, and to some people when they are on the verge of dying, there
are numerous experiences which in ordinary time would require days
or years, compressed into a few minutes of the slower time of this bor-
derline state of consciousness.
When our consciousness moves from this border-line realm where
time is much slower, the events which in our dream took but a few
moments to happen, spread out in the faster time of normal life to oc-
cupy a period which seems to us days or months or years.
To take another illustration, suppose we walk from Los Angeles to
San Francisco at the rate of 25 miles per day, and pass through 30 towns
on the way. At this velocity it would take us 18 days to see the 30 towns.
But by airplane we can make the trip in 3 hours, seeing the 30 towns.
That is, in three hours'movement at airplane velocities we can see as
many towns as in 18 days at walking velocities. The amount of experi-
ence to be had in a given interval of time-- 3 hours, for instance-- is
relative to the velocity with which such events are passed.
According to relativity, as velocities increase there is a definite slow-
ing down of time, the exact amount being determined by the Lorentz
transformation.
We have already seen that a dream, or near death state of conscious-
ness may have a velocity, in so far as the number of events witnessed
within a few moments of this slower time of the boundary-line state,
such that these same events happening on the physical plane would
require days or months to take place. That is, in the boundary-line re-
gion between the physical world and the realm having velocities greater
than that of light, time so slows down that when brought up into physi-
cal consciousness it is similar to bringing all the things witnessed in a 3
hour airplane flight from Los Angeles to San Francisco up into a con-
sciousness that knows no faster velocities than walking, in which time
is speedier and movement proportionally slower, so that it requires 18
days for the same amount of experience.
Material science has now proven that the nerve currents are elec-
trical in nature and that man has an electromagnetic form. Electromag-
netic waves when radiated move with the velocity of light; but electric
currents traveling over wires or over nerves move much slower. In other
words, in man's electromagnetic form are velocities greater than those
of ordinary physical substance, but which are not so great as the 186,284
miles per second (1942) that light travels.
From what already has been said it will be apparent that if a clock
slows down relative to the velocity it acquires, as consciousness attains
higher and higher velocities it will be able to have more and more expe-
rience within the space of four minutes of this slowed down time. At a
certain velocity, which is well within the limit of what can be expected
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The How and Why of Progressed Aspects
to occur in man's electromagnetic form, the ratio of the number of expe-
riences in four minutes of slower time, to the number of experiences in
the faster time of external life, is 365¼ to 1.
Bear in mind that in one interval of the slower time of the high
velocity region as many events can transpire (remember the airplane
trip to San Francisco) as in 365¼ similar intervals (remember the walk-
ing trip to San Francisco) of the faster time of the ordinary objective
world. The slower the time, the more numerous the events that can hap-
pen in any given interval, but as the time is speeded up to the tempo of
ordinary physical existence, it takes more intervals of this physical time
to accommodate a given number of experiences.
As the ratio of velocities between one electromagnetic region of
man's body and his physical existence is 365¼ to 1, the occurrences that
took place in a little less than four minutes of this slower Major Progres-
sion Time, when expressed in the faster Calendar Time of the external
world occupy a duration of 24 hours, and what took place in 24 hours
Major Progression Time of the boundary region, when externalized on
the physical plane takes 365¼ days of ordinary Calendar Time; that is,
what took place in one day in the boundary region, when externalized
takes place in one year of the faster physical time.
Under such circumstances-- just as a dream occupying four min-
utes when brought into objective existence may represent a whole day
of physical life-- changes brought about in a portion of the finer body at
the Major Progression velocity level, by planetary movement during
one day, when transformed into the faster Calendar Time of objective
existence occupy 365¼ days, or one year of this faster Calendar Time of
objective existence. This represents the time-velocity transformation of
energies released by the day-year progression.
As the ratio of velocities between another electromagnetic region
of man's body and his physical is about 13 to 1, the occurrences that
took place in approximately 2 hours of this slower Minor Progression
Time, when expressed in the faster Calendar Time of the external world
occupy a duration of 24 hours, and what took place in 27.3 days of this
Minor Progression Time in the boundary-line region, when external-
ized on the physical plane takes 365¼ days of ordinary faster Calendar
Time; that is, what took place in 27.3 days of this Minor Progression
Time in the takes place in one year of faster physical time.
Under such circumstances-- just as a dream occupying approxi-
mately 2 hours when brought into objective existence may represent a
whole day of physical existence-- changes brought about in a portion
of the finer body at the Minor Progression velocity level by planetary
movement during 27.3 days, when transformed into the faster Calen-
dar Time of objective existence occupy 365¼ days, or one year of this
faster Calendar Time of objective existence. This represents the time-
velocity transformation of energies released by the astrological month-
year progressions.
As the ratio between still a third electromagnetic region of man's
body and his physical is 1 to 1, the occurrences that took place in 1 hour
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Progressed Aspects of Standard Astrology
11
of this Transit Time also take place in 1 hour of Calendar Time, and
those that occurred in 1 year of Transit Time externalize in one year of
Calendar Time. In other words, Transit Time and Calendar Time are
identical.
Now physical science is accustomed to accept the existence of cer-
tain facts upon indirect evidence. No one, for instance, has ever seen a
cosmic ray, or photographed one. But they have seen and photographed
the effect produced by a cosmic ray when it passed through a cloud
chamber. Logic compels the acceptance of an adequate cause for every
observed effect. Logic compels the acceptance of electrons and cosmic
rays and planetary energies, because of the effects they consistently pro-
duce. The coincidence of each of the 2,700 events so far analyzed by the
B. of L. Astrological Research Department, and innumerable others ob-
served by the thousands of astrologers and astrological students who
use Standard Astrology, with an appropriate major progressed aspect
is as sound evidence on which to base the existence of energy releases
at the ratio of 1 day major progression (ephemeris) time to 365¼ days
calendar time in the life of the individual as is the evidence for the exist-
ence of cosmic rays or intra-atomic forces. And an almost equal amount
of statistical research carried out by the Brotherhood of Light Astrologi-
cal Research Department and by thousands of Church of Light students,
relative to the coincidence of the minor events in the lives of people
with minor progressed aspects, is equally sound evidence of the exist-
ence of energy releases at the ratio of one astrological month (27.3 days)
minor progression time to 365¼ days calendar time in the life of the
individual.
In other words, even as time-space relations are now the basis of
modern physics and material science's conception of the extra- physical
world where ESP functions, so time-space relations explain the opera-
tion of the three types of energy releases which are of positive signifi-
cance in astrology as releases on different velocity levels. And the cal-
endar times in the individual's life when these releases bring physical
events to pass are not mysterious. They are the inevitable consequence
of activities within the individual's finer form at three different velocity
levels. For the time-space conception now universally held by material
science makes it a necessity that changes at a velocity level 13 times.
that of physical existence, when brought up into the velocities of physi-
cal existence must take place in 13 times as long an interval of time; and
that changes at a velocity level 365¼ times that of physical existence,
when brought up into the velocities of physical existence must take place
in 365¼ times as long an interval of time.
Now the revolution of the earth about the Sun in 365¼ days marks
the ordinary velocities of physical events in the time-space relation called
calendar time, which is the time in which our physical lives are spent.
The time-space relation in which velocities are about 13 times as great
as those of calendar time, is measured by the relative motion of the Moon
in its orbit to the motion of the earth in its orbit. It takes the Moon 27.3
days to go around the zodiac and return to the same degree previously
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12
The How and Why of Progressed Aspects
occupied, and it takes the earth 365¼ days to make a similar pilgrim-
age. Thus the velocities on the minor progression level are about 13
times as great as on the physical level, and when changes that occur
there due to the formation of minor progressed aspects are brought up
into the everyday life of calendar time, they are released at a date about
13 times later.
The time-space relation in which the velocities are 365¼ times as
great as those of calendar time, is measured by the relative motion of
the rotation of the earth, in which the Sun is brought successively to the
midheaven, to the motion of the earth in its orbit. It takes the earth 24
hours to bring the Sun again to the midheaven, and it takes the earth
365¼ days to go around the Sun and return to the same degree previ-
ously occupied. Thus the velocities on the major progression level are
365¼ times as great as on the physical level, and when changes that
occur there due to the formation of major progressed aspects are brought
up into the everyday life of calendar time, they are released at a date
365¼ times later.
From this it will be seen that the proper calculation of either major
progressed aspects or minor progressed aspects consists merely of find-
ing when the aspect forms according to the movements of the planets
as shown in the ephemeris subsequent to birth, and then multiplying
the interval of time which has elapsed between the moment of birth and
the formation of the aspect; by approximately 13 for minor progres-
sions, and by 365¼ for major progressions.
Abbreviations Used
Now it is characteristic of ratio and proportion that quantities which
are equivalent can be interchanged and the result obtained by solving
the equation will not be in error. And it has been the custom, because
both major and minor progressions were employed long before relativ-
ity was known, to solve the problems of when progressed aspects would
become perfect by using the ratio of travel of the planets according to
the major-progression time-velocity ratio and the minor progression
time-velocity ratio. But they can be solved with greater facility, and more
in conformity with what actually takes place, by chiefly using time ra-
tios where previously the ratios of the space (distance) the planets trav-
eled were used.
For this purpose we need first to establish correct points of contact
between each of the time-velocity levels and the time- velocity level of
transits which constitutes also the time-velocity level of everyday life
and calendar time.
Thus for each of the two higher velocity levels considered in pro-
gressions we must at the start establish the relation at birth between
progression time, which is the time shown in the ephemeris, and calen-
dar time.
This relation is constant and enables us to calculate the time within
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Progressed Aspects of Standard Astrology
13
the particular calendar year when the aspect being calculated becomes
perfect. For major progressions this Calendar Constant is called the Lim-
iting Date. Others call it Adjusted Calculation Date. According to the
ethics of science the man who discovers a new species or a new process
has the right to name it. Alan Leo was the first person to use and pub-
lish this mathematical device, and he named it Limiting Date. There
may be a better name for it, but following the accepted scientific proce-
dure, we call it by the name its discoverer used, which is Limiting Date,
and use the abbreviation L.D. to designate it.
For minor progressions this Calendar Constant is called the Lunar
Constant, abbreviated L.C.
Also for each of the two higher velocity levels considered in pro-
gressions we must establish the relation between the particular calen-
dar year and a particular day in the ephemeris which shows the pro-
gressed positions of all the planets as they release their energy on some
particular day within that particular calendar year.
For major progressions we call this day in the ephemeris which
shows the positions of the planets by major progression for some day
during the calendar year, the Major Progression Date, abbreviated
Map.D.
For minor progressions we call this day in the ephemeris which
shows the positions of the planets by minor progression for some -day
during the calendar year, the Minor Progression Date, abbreviated
Mip.D.
Calendar Date is abbreviated CD. Interval is abbreviated I. Calen-
dar time is abbreviated CT. Major Progression time is abbreviated Map.T.
And Minor Progression time is abbreviated Mip.T.
The basis on which we determine when a given progressed aspect
is perfect is first to find in the ephemeris the Greenwich Mean Time
Interval before or after noon it takes the progressing planet to reach the
degree and minute required to complete the aspect. This interval of major
progression time, or of minor progression time, then may readily be
converted into its equivalent interval of the faster calendar time of ev-
eryday life.
The major progression date or the minor progression date has al-
ready converted the number of days which have elapsed in the ephem-
eris before the aspect is complete into this faster calendar time. In major
progressions this is done merely by calling the number of days that
have elapsed since birth in the ephemeris, years of calendar time which
have elapsed since the Limiting Date. In minor progressions this is done
merely by calling each 27.3 days (the number of days in an astrological
month) which have elapsed in the ephemeris since birth, years of calen-
dar time which have elapsed since birth.
In other words, as any interval of major progression time, or of
minor progression time, may be converted into calendar time, we first
find the interval of major progression time or minor progression time
before or after noon the aspect is perfect at Greenwich. And in so doing
it is easier to use logarithms. We then convert this ephemeris interval
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14
The How and Why of Progressed Aspects
into calendar time interval. The calendar time interval so found added
to or subtracted from the Limiting Date, or added to or subtracted from
the Lunar Constant, for the calendar year determined when the Map.D.
or Mip.D. was ascertained, gives the precise date of ordinary calendar
time when the aspect is perfect.
Standard Progressed Aspects Are More Than Symbolic
When we stress the importance of major progressions and transits we
sometimes are asked if we consider progressing cycle charts or other
methods in connection with natal astrology to be without value.
No, we do not consider other methods valueless. But we do con-
sider them methods of divination, comparable to horary astrology, rather
than weighing active and positive energies which have an impact on
man and actually influence his conduct and the events that come to
him.
In the B. of L. Astrological Research work previously mentioned,
in which 2,700 charts were progressed to the date of some given event,
we persistently strove to ascertain all the significant positive factors,
and to eliminate all factors which were unreliable in the long pull. We
were thus successful in eliminating some factors, such as part of for-
tune, dragon's head and tail and fixed stars, because even though used
very successfully by those skilled in astrological divination, they do not
consistently map positive influences. Over a period of years we had the
astrological teachers in Church of Light Centers send in detailed re-
ports, with charts and progressions covering long series of events. But
even so we were unsuccessful in eliminating any of the planets or the
Ascendant or M.C.; and we found that progressed aspects from all ten
planets, and from the progressed Asc. and M.C. could be relied upon to
exert an influence that could be felt and recognized by the individual.
But so far as we could ascertain, the only such actual and significant
energies which may be thus depended on to exercise an influence which
may be felt by the individual, even though he is unaware of their exist-
ence, are confined to the birth-chart, major progressed aspects, minor
progressed aspects and transits.
If you wish to demonstrate that these influences are energies hav-
ing an actual and positive impact, ask various people who know noth-
ing of astrology what their thoughts and feelings are at the time some
strong progressed aspect is operative. You will find invariably at the
time a certain strong progressed aspect is operative that the trend of
their thoughts and their feelings about the things represented by the
houses of their charts affected by the aspect has changed markedly in
the direction indicated by the progressed aspect.
Almost any astrologer of experience upon learning of the outstand-
ing conditions and events in another person's life, yet without knowing
the birth-chart, can correctly tell the person that a certain specified planet
is being heavily aspected by progression at the time. Each planet has its
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Progressed Aspects of Standard Astrology
15
own characteristic manner of affecting events. I have witnessed this pick-
ing of planets responsible for an event, before the birth-chart has been
seen or the progressed aspects calculated, innumerable times, and later
verified when the progressed aspects were worked out.
On many occasions I have had students, who had not taken the
trouble to work up their progressions, or who as yet did not know how
to do so, remark that they felt the vibrations of Mars, or Venus, or Ura-
nus, or Saturn; and on working up the progressed aspects have found
that there actually was a progressed aspect to the mentioned planet then
operative. And students who know they are coming under a progressed
aspect, and keep on the lookout to discern when they first feel it, some-
times feel it distinctly when it is a full one degree from perfect, and
sometimes feel it only when within half a degree or less from perfect.
Many students report that they always can feel the distinctive influence
of any of the planets when it is making a strong progressed aspect. They
can name the planet to which they are thus most strongly responding.
The Value of Knowledge of Progressed Aspects
This release of planetary energy which most can feel does not map any
particular event. But it does add energy to the thought-cells mapped by
the planets making the aspect. As the result of acquiring energy, these
thought-cells become more active than they usually are, and work with
this additional energy to bring into the individual's life events and con-
ditions such as their feelings at the time cause them to desire.
They influence the behavior through stimulating thoughts charac-
teristic of the planets making the aspect. And they influence the events
which come into the life through environmental factors characteristic
of the planets making the aspect. Also, to the extent the health is af-
fected, it is affected in a manner characteristic of they planets making
the aspect.
What actually occurs is not inevitable; it is due to the interaction
between the thought-cells and the environment. If either the desires of
the thought-cells or the environment are deliberately changed, the event,
while characteristic of the planets making the aspect and the houses
they rule in the birth-chart, also will be changed. If the thought-cells
desire more fortunate events, or if the environment facilitates more for-
tunate events, the events which occur will be more fortunate.
Any progressed aspect may express its energies through thought-
cell activity which attracts one or more of a number of alternative events.
Through proper thinking any group of thought-cells can be trained to
desire events which are characteristic of the constructive and fortunate
expression of the planetary energies giving them activity.
Knowing how the individual has been conditioned by past events,
and what his present physical environment is, through a process of elimi-
nation it often is possible to select at least a very few alternative events
one or more of which the progressed aspect will bring into the life if no
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16
The How and Why of Progressed Aspects
effort based on astrological knowledge is made to prevent it. But fore-
knowledge of the probabilities enables the individual to train his
thought-cells and select his environment with the end in view of en-
couraging, and taking the utmost advantage of, such of the alternative
events as are fortunate, and diverting the thought-cell activity that oth-
erwise would express in unfortunate events into channels of expression
that are constructive and attract events far more beneficial than had no
such effort been made.